Limfedemul Imprimare Email
Limfedemul reprezinta obstructia canalelor limfatice, canale care transporta limfa in organism si permit deplasarea celulelor sistemului imunitar acolo unde este nevoie de ele.


SIMPTOME


Simptomele includ:
     - umflarea bratelor si a picioarelor, inclusiv a degetelor
     - senzatia de greutate a mainilor sau a picioarelor
     - restrangerea ariei de miscare a piciorului sau a bratului
     - ingrosarea si intarirea pielii bratului sau a piciorului


CAUZE


Sistemul limfatic este foarte important pentru sanatatea organismului. Limfedemul poate fi primar (apare singur) sau secundar (este cauzat de alti factori sau boli).

Cauzele limfedemului primar
     Limfedemul primar este o boala rara, mostenita, cauzata de o dezvoltare defectuoasa a vaselor limfatice. Boala afecteaza in principal femeile si in special picioarele. Cauzele includ:
          - boala Milroy
          - boala Meige

Cauzele limfedemului secundar

     Orice boala sau procedura care produce leziuni ale canalelor limfatice poate provoca limfedemul. Cauzele includ:
          - interventiile chirurgicale care lezeaza canale limfatice sau noduli limfatici (interventiile chirurgicale in cazul cancerului de san)
          - radioterapiile folosite pentru tratarea cancerului
          - cancerul
          - infectiile si anumiti paraziti
          - traume sau rani care afecteaza nodulii sau vasele limfatice

 

TRATAMENT


Limfedemul nu poate fi vindecat. Tratamentul se axeaza pe minimizarea umflaturilor si controlarea durerilor. Tratamentul include:
     Exercitii. Exercitiile usoare care implica miscarea piciorului sau a bratului afectat, pot determina circulatia limfei. Exercitiile nu trebuie sa va oboseasca si constau in contractii usoare a muschilor membrului afectat.
     Bandajarea bratului sau a piciorului. Bandajele infasurate in jurul bratului sau a piciorului determina limfa sa circule dinspre zona afectata inspre corp. Atunci cand va puneti bandajul, puneti-l mai strans in zona degetelor si mai larg pe masura ce avansati inspre corp.
     Masaj. Exista masaje speciale pentru a drena limfa. Evitati masajul in cazul in care aveti infectii ale pielii, cancer sau cheaguri de sange. De asemenea evitati masajul in zone expuse la terapii prin iradiere.
     Compresii pneumatice. Tratamentul implica purtarea unei "maneci" care este atasata la o pompa si se poate umfla. Odata umflata, maneca va impinge limfa catre corp.
     
In cazurile de limfedem sever, medicul poate lua in considerare chirurgia pentru a indeparta tesutul in exces. Procedura va reduce umflatura dar nu va vindeca boala.

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